Interviewed by John Snider and appeared on scifidimesions.com Nov. 2000.
The url of the interview
1. Tell us a little about yourself. (Where are you from, what sort of background do you have, education, current profession, hobbies/pastimes, etc.)
I spent most of my life in California and now reside in Seattle Wa. with my husband, James B. Lewis who is the webmaster for the Foresight Institute. I originally started out in life with artistic aspirations, and continued my education as such. In 1993 I viewed a movie on the local PBS channel, that was about nanotechnology. Although I am still an artistic person, (and art is not eliminated by the conquest of the transhuman) my focus opened up to science and technological aspects, when I realized the potential that this emerging science could have on society, and the world. I now have a web presence, and news email program running to keep those interested updated on the latest nanoscale breakthrough's. I publish, the Nanotechnology Industries Newsletter in which there are interviews and articles of contribution. I am also involved in a nanotechnology start up company with my husband and a couple others, that is currently being founded, devoted to developing an assembler thru a biotechnology based pathway.
2. What exactly is transhumanism? And what is it NOT (i.e. what misconceptions do you commonly encounter)?
Transhumanism, embraces advancing technology, realizing that the potential applications can be beneficial for humanity. Emerging science is advocated by the transhumanist, in essence embracing the idea that technology and humanity will bond together to create a more perfect body and environment. The ability to incorporate, or morph technology into ones body/mind and or environment could mean a plentitude of solutions to problems that at the moment inhibit today's
world. The results? Cures for the biologically imperfect body as we know it, extending life span by
modifying the genes that control aging, the revival of previously extinct species, extending the
capabilities of the mind (memory enhancement, increased intelligence), the cleaning up of pollution,
including nuclear waste and ozone problems, artificial intelligence, synthetic physical enhancements,
advanced computing, and nanotechnology. All of this quite possibly could be attained through merging technology and nature. I'm not sure that I personally, have ever experienced any serious misconception, usually any questions can easily be answered. I would assume that any misconceptions, would be due to misunderstanding. I feel there is support among those who are involved with the Transhuman and the Extropic movement.
3. How and when did you first hear about transhumanism?
My interest in nanotechnology on route to reading material and online information, led to
discovering the transhuman meme. Since nanotechnology is an up and coming science that could
lead to atomic precision manufacturing, inside the body and out, the movement and this particular
subject, tend to intersect due to similar interest. I believe I first discovered transhumanism
from Alexander Sasha Chislenko's web site. I discovered more about the subject via the Extropy Institute, and specifically Natasha Vita More's online documentation, as well as her book ,CREATE/RECREATE: The 3rd Millennial Culture She provides the resource for Transhumanist history, and strives to blend art and science into the consciousness.
4. Does improvement of the human body extend to modifications that are strictly aesthetic?
No, although I'm sure we all have fantasies of enhancing our outward appearance, (think of
the movie Terminator) and this is something that could be attained, there are even more
important internal improvements that could be made. As I mentioned above, biological
improvements can be made as well, leaving nasty viruses and genetic errors in the dust.
5. Are transhumanists, in your experience, fairly homogenous in their political and social associations? If so, what are they?
I have experienced a variation of personal political and social beliefs. Just as in the typical social scope,
the transhumanist/extropic community spreads over a vast diversity of people. I don't believe there is
a 'type' merely an open mind, and an appreciation/acceptance of wonderful things to come.
6. What do you think of the possibility that some transhumanists could try to use superior ability to dominate the "mundanes" of humanity?
(Certainly, there's plenty of precedent for this sort of thing in science fiction.)
Within the time line that this is a relative question, I'm not sure how "mundane" society would be.
However, there may very well be those who do not wish to enhance their bodies, or minds, but keep
to nature's rules. There is nothing wrong with that. Currently there are people who pierce their bodies, dye their hair, and then there are those who do not. The first step to answering your question is that we all have freedom of choice. The second step is, respect for that choice. Taking it further, would someone with superior ability dominate the rest of the world. I think I would be speculating to answer that, because one would have to know the exact particulars of what this 'superior ability' is in comparison to everyone else. Is this a program that could be hacked into for instance, is this enhancement design, already given pre-set guidelines, so that one could not do harm to anyone else. Who would govern these rules? How would disobeying them be reacted too? It is difficult to answer a question that would lead to prediction. I would however find it comforting, to assume that we as a people, who for the most part, (although not all) hold a collective consciousness of right and wrong, and basically want the best for ourselves. If we could decide together, what is right for us, these things could be mapped out ahead of time.
7. How should society prepare for the possibility that medical breakthroughs could, say, dramatically increase the human life span (an event which could lead to a worldwide population explosion)?
How do we prepare for our future right now? As limited as it is, there are things we do to ensure ourselves a state of evolution. We make plans, we do the research, we become involved in social arenas of interest. The same is true for immorality, you will just have more time, to do the things you want to do. For each person, what that is, is an individual choice. You do have to consider though, all your enemies, are your enemies for a long time, your ex-lovers, ex-mother in laws, every mistake you've ever made, will be dealt with for an extended amount of time, but on the flip side, perhaps with such a long time, it will fade away.
8. Do transhumanists, in your experience, encounter any social backlash?
I think that whenever you approach a new outlook, out of the natural fear of change, that there can be hesitance from those who feel comfortable with things the way they are. For the most part, the media has been waking up to the transhumanist meme, now that genetic, nanotechnology and other high tech breakthroughs are beginning to surface.
9. Are there currently any practical technologies or lifestyles that transhumanists are embracing?
Change, self, art, science, technology, improvement, communication and life.
10. When (if ever) do you think transhumanism will become a household word?
When technology catches up and shows itself to the mainstream public. In the future it will be
seen as a term granted by those who were ahead of their time, with their hope, faith and vision,
for a better, more perfect life.
Gina "Nanogirl" Miller
Transhuman World Culture InfoMark
Transhumanist Resources -Anders Sandberg
Natasha Vita More
The Foresight Institute